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On The International Day for Migrants: Syrian Migrants Facing the Cruel Winter

18-12-2013

On The International Day for Migrants: Syrian Migrants Facing the Cruel Winter

 The UN General Assembly decided with the resolution No. 55-93 that the 18th Dec as an International day for migrants, after considering the increasing numbers of migrants in the world. That day was chosen because it was the day when the General Assembly adopted the National Convention to Protect the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Family Member, in the resolution 158-45

The General Assembly called upon all member states, international governmental organizations, and non governmental organizations, to celebrate the "International Day of Migrants" in many ways, like raise awareness of human rights and fundamental freedoms for all migrants, through exchange of expertise and devising the procedures that guarantee these freedoms.
The 132 states, members of the General Assembly, who participated in a high-level dialogue regarding migration and development, on the 14th - 15th Sept 2006k reconfirmed a number of essential messages. First: to emphasize that migration is a growing global phenomenon, but it can positively contribute to the development on both origin and destination countries, providing that it supported with the proper policies. Second: the importance of international cooperation in international migration, on all binary, regional, and global levels.
 Despite emphasizing that migration can be a positive contribution to development; however, international migration is not an alternative to development. For in many cases, migrants have to look for jobs opportunities abroad as result for poverty, conflicts, or human rights violations. The provision of peace, security, wise government, law dominance, and decent jobs in the countries of origin make the migrants migrate voluntarily. The international migration should be a part of development plans, and the national development strategies.
After the high- level Dialogue, the government of Belgium started building the Global Forum on Migration and Development, as advisory, voluntary, non-binding, and non- governmental operation, handled by all member states, with an observatory center in the UN; so that it would be as a place where all governments can deal with all issues of international migration in a systematic and comprehensive approach. The global forum gathers governmental expertise from all countries, encourages dialogue, cooperation, and partnerships, and helps the completion of applicable outputs of practical tendencies, on national, regional and global levels.
On 2006, there was a notable increase in cooperation between governments in the field of migration since that dialogue regarding migration and development.
 
Different groups, international governmental advisory operation, are concentrating on the developmental dimensions of international migration, only the use different methods and from multiple perspectives.
Because of the need to improve the understanding of the issues raised by international migration related to development, scholarships exchange, and to unify positions; more countries were forced to join in regions, and regional groups had to cooperate together.
It seems that the high-level dialogue was the stimulating factor that induced large activity in that regard.
Lately, the UN held a High- Level dialogue on Global Migration and Development, on the 3rd and 4th of Oct 2013 with an agenda consisting of 8 points to guarantee the success of migration, and the members by acclamation states adopted a declaration that calls for the respect of human rights and international work standards. The declaration also concentrated on the commitment to trafficking combat, and strictly condemned the phenomena of racism and intolerance. It was really necessary to reach to better understanding for the issues concerned with the international migration and it's relationship with development; to exchange expertise and build united positions. Many countries called to join regional groups, and that these groups should cooperate.
UN estimations show that more than 150 million persons living abroad as migrants. As far as Iraq is concerned, the High Commissioner for Refugees indicated that more than 30 thousand Syrian refugees fled into Iraq since the armed dispute started in Syria in 2011, when the Iraqi government closed the cross-point on Aug then reopened in Sept, but announced that Young Syrian men are not allowed into the country. With the approaching winter, these refugees are living in bad conditions, it was decided that the journey should begin the operation of transporting aid, which was approved by both the Iraqi and Syrian governments that will include seven trips from Erbil to Qamishli and Hasakeh to the North and Northern East of Syria.
(UNHCR) announced that the first aid to be sent to Syria was supposed to be transported overland, but this was impossible, since control over the road was shifting quickly; hence the decision was made that it should be airlifted, despite the high costs. This aid that is given by UNHCR, UNICEF, and WFP was aimed to help 60 thousand refugees to survive winter, and it included tents, worm clothing, and money to buy fuel. This is synchronized with bad weather, when the Alexa Blizzard is hitting Syria and Lebanon with strong wind, and sharp drop in temperature. This blizzard reprents the beginning of the third winter since the outbreak of the Syrian conflict in March 2011. Snow caused chaos in the region, and stopped the humanitarian air bridge that was supposed to transport aid from Iraq to the Kurdish areas at the Northern East of Syria, where tens of thousands of persons are unreachable overland, but till now the Iraqi government has no visible plan to Iraqis who are returning, for IDPs, or those who fled to neighboring countries.
In July 2o13, the Iraqi government helped thousands of Iraqis to come home from Syria, by providing air trips, and bus tickets to those who wanted to come back. On the other hand, the government failed to help them to find jobs, or accommodation. Many IDPs inside Iraq continued to live in many areas in squatters, without the availability of the basic services, like potable water, electricity, and sewage.
IDPs are considered on of the urgent issues in many countries, including Germany, that faces sharp drops in population, is witnessing a marked shift in its policies against immigration, particularly oriented immigration.
At the end of this report, we recommend the follwing:
1. The provision of basic services for the Syrian migrants, like potable water, electricity, and sewage.
2. Provide the necessary aid for them that will help them survive winter in the camps.
3. Build schools neat the camps for their children to join.
4. Build health care centers near refugees' camps.
5. The Iraqi government should provide more are for the IDPs.
Joint Report between Tammuz Organization for Social Development and Information Center for Research and Development
 
 Media Office
Tammuz Organization for Social Development

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