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Women are critical partners in peacemaking


Women are critical partners in peacemaking

With the aforementioned theme, Kahramana Path for women participation in political and social decision-making centers, held a seminar on the anniversary of Security Council resolution 1325, the seminar was entitled

“Women Participation in building peace and security… opportunities and challenges”, the seminar was held at the petroleum cultural hall on Wednesday afternoon, 11 October   with a distinctive and qualitative presence.

The seminar was opened with a welcoming statement by our colleague; the path coordinator Ms. Vian Al-Sheikh Ali who introduced the path and its goals and pointed out that this activity represents the first of its activities, afterwards, MS. Intisar Al-mayali, A member of NGO alliance to follow-up the implementation of the national plan of the resolution 1325, introduced an overview on the organizations’ efforts and its activity in encouraging the government to develop a national plan and the clear participation of the organizations in developing this plan which was approved by Iraq in February 2014 making it the first state to develop a national plan in the region

That represented a distinctive and common effort among the federal and the Kurdistan government as well as the civil society organizations from all over Iraq.

But what Iraq went through after the control of the terrorist organization of ISIS on a number of governorates, and the ruin and destruction it caused, especially on women whether as displaced, kidnapped, slaves or forced to stay under the control of ISIS, was a basic hindrance in delaying the implementation on one hand Other needs and priorities, on the other hand, which necessitated the work of finding other plans to contribute to the treatment of the new reality, and therefore developed a contingency plan to provide security and peace of women and help to meet the special needs that resulted from the terror of ISIS on those areas.  Obstacles that have made it difficult to work, such as lack of documentation and a database to operate, indicate that there are no rehabilitation centers and safe havens for women. MS. Al-mially also presented the other challenges that affected the implementation of the plan were the absence of a budget allocated to the plan, followed by the cancellation of the Ministry of State for Women's Affairs, the government body that was following the plan and coordinating between the organizations and the secretariat of the Iraqi Council of Ministers.

Which is affected on the preservation of the fundamentals and priorities of the plan and the reference of the governmental body that will follow up implementation, and then the formation of an operations room to follow up the implementation of the plan is a common room for a national team representing all the federal government parties - Kurdistan Region and civil society) The Chamber is currently working to implement the plan and in coordination with all ministries on Light of the Executive Plan for the period 2017-2018.


Mrs. Amal Kabbashi, Coordinator of the Iraqi Women Network presented a presentation on the work of the Iraqi women's movement in the implementation of resolution 1325, starting with a positive assessment of the existence of a national plan which is considered a good step for the implementation of the international resolution. That was issued since 2000 and did not assume a considerable attention and implementation only after the issuance of other resolutions after eight years, which determined through the mechanisms that achieve resolution 1325.

In her presentation, Kabbashi referred to many important observations on the national plan and the seriousness of the government in implementing them, especially after the existence of problems and greater suffering for women because of ISIS. The most important observations that she mentioned on the national plan are the absence of mechanisms to implement the plan.

In spite of the importance of the participation of civil society in the preparation, but it came out of civilian perceptions beyond the needs and possibilities of the state, according to a number of officials in the government, Stressing that the implementation of the national plan is the responsibility of the State and therefore the participation of civil society is to help and achieve the best, which means that the plan needs a budget allocated, and to activities and to identify indicators and criteria for evaluation, And to identify indicators and criteria for evaluation, and decisions that involve women in real and active in the process of national reconciliation and in the decision-making process and not to keep women's representation of the government and the reconciliation committees as it is now.

Mrs. Amal also criticized civil society for stifling his efforts in implementing the 1325 resolution and not implementing it for advocacy campaigns.


At the end of her intervention, she asked about the possibility of staying on the same plan after the passage of about three and a half years after Iraq went through a ruin and a war against ISIS? And that requires reading and evaluating the plan after these circumstances.

The third intervention was of Mr. Qassim Al Zamili from the Operations Room Team of the Secretariat of the Council of Ministers on the follow-up to the implementation of the national plan for the implementation of resolution 1325, which reviewed the challenges faced by the government during the past three years and the challenges and circumstances faced to develop the plan, as a representative, at the time, of the Ministry of State for Women's Affairs.

The plan and the follow-up team followed the cancellation of the Ministry of State for Women's Affairs and the lack of understanding by many officials of the decision and the importance of the role of women in participation, noting that it is unfair to accuse the government of not implementing any part of the plan at the time of implementation and there are significant obstacles and challenges and increased needs after the war with ISIS.

The plan and the team are realistic for the cooperation, coordination and harmony between the government parties in the federal, Kurdistan, and civil society sectors are praise worthy.

And that meetings and participation are continued despite all political circumstances.

The operations room was able to conduct an institutional evaluation of the plan at the level of all ministries and prepared a report to respond to the last report of the UN Security Council in which they expressed their concern that there is no mechanism and seriousness of the Iraqi government to implement the resolution.

Then, the floor for questions and suggestions was opened and has made a lot of observations by the activists of which the most prominent were:

1. Weak awareness of the definition of resolution 1325 and the national plan in Iraq.

2. The government does not use the media as a partner in the awareness Programs and in the definition of achievements.

Lack of reports showing achievement and challenges

4. Lack of clear mechanisms to implement the plan.

5. The government does not consider women's issues a priority and always gives importance and financial allocations to other matters.

6. Achievement in some cases such as compensating prisoners and families of the martyrs is considered a political achievement and decisions concerning the compensation of victims of the former regime and terrorism, not the efforts of the national plan or the desire of the government to implement resolution 1325.

The seminar was attended by the coordinator of the national team and the coordinator of the coalition Mrs. Susan Aref and Mr. Amer Badr from the operating room. They had interventions and explained the challenges and achievements such as the existence of centers to document crimes of ISIS against women and the allocation of monthly salaries for women victims of ISIS Initiate the allocation of a budget for the implementation of the national plan in Iraq's budget for 2018.

After the main interlocutors answered the questions that were presented, the Director, Ms. Vian thanked all the attendants and the participants, Stressing that all opinions, although might be different, aim to promote the status of women and activate their role in achieving reconciliation and peace and therefore the implementation of international resolution 1325.


She said one of Kahramana's goals is the participation of women in peace-building and the course will be part of its activities to raise awareness of the international resolution and the national plan.


The discussion resulted in a number of recommendations that can be summarized as follows:

1. The importance of raising awareness and introducing Resolution 1325 and the national plan at the institutional and community level.

2. Take the media as a partner to achieve awareness campaigns.

3. Uniting the civil efforts working for the implementation of the national plan.

4. The need for appropriate financial allocations as a budget to implement the plan.

5. The importance of the existence of periodic reports on achievement and obstacles in the implementation of the plan.

.Implementing civil defense campaigns to implement the decision.6


The Kahramana path for women's participation in political and social decision-making centers is one of the paths of the Iraqi Social Forum. It aims at enhancing the participation of women in the political process and in civil society. It is composed of a number of actor and active civil society organizations; The Tammuz Organization for Social Development coordinates the work of this track within the Young of Mesopotamia Project funded by the European Union and its partners.




The Kahramana Path

Of women's participation in political and social decision-making centers

Baghdad, 14 October, 2017


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